Religious Structures (01:14)
This episode of "Dan Cruickshank’s Adventures in Architecture" will examine Russian churches, a Chinese temple, a Christian monastery, and a Hindu creation celebration.
St. Catherine's Monastery (05:01)
A 6th century Greek Orthodox Church is located in the Sinai Desert where Moses is said to have received the Ten Commandments. Pilgrims visit the patron saint's relics.
Moses' Holy Ground (01:43)
St. Catherine's monastery basilica features mosaics of paradise and houses the Burning Bush site.
New Jerusalem Community (05:05)
St. Catherine's monks make bread with nomadic Bedouin and cultivate a garden oasis protected by fortress walls, where a tree is believed to grow from the Burning Bush root stock.
Hanging Temple (04:07)
Despite modernization, China’s Shanxi Province hosts a sacred Daoist site inspired by yin-yang mountain symbolism and natural beauty.
Daoist Cliff Face Monastery (04:16)
Most of the Hanging Temple dates from the 16th century. Cruickshank explains how mountainside cantilever beams maintain structural integrity and provide a "floating" experience.
Oppressing Daoism (03:42)
The Hanging Temple was evicted during the Cultural Revolution, but one monk still lives in a nearby monastery. He describes the Daoist philosophy towards nature, emphasized in the Shanxi Mountains.
Russian Religious Island (04:47)
Cruickshank journeys by train to Kizhi to visit 18th century wooden churches constructed on a sacred pagan site.
Kizhi Architectural Symbolism (04:56)
Learn how the 17th century Russian structures were built, possible dome meanings, and differences between the winter and summer churches.
Kizhi Hospitality (02:04)
Cruickshank has tea with a villager in the 18th century Russian style—reflecting the religious community's spirit.
Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple (03:05)
Learn how the Tamil Nadu complex reflects Hindu cosmology. Cruickshank explores the worldly outer marketplace.
Worshiping Vishnu (01:53)
Cruickshank learns how a Brahmin family pays respects to their household deity in the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple.
Hindu Architectural Symbolism (03:03)
Meet the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple's sacred elephant and learn the 1,000 Column Hall’s meaning. Pilgrims gain access to Vishnu in the inner sanctum.
Vishnu Procession (03:47)
Worshipers parade the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple's deity in a celebration representing paradise and community.
Credits: Paradise: Dan Cruickshank's Adventures in Architecture (00:38)
Credits: Paradise: Dan Cruickshank's Adventures in Architecture
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