Black Power Introduction (03:18)
Malcolm X accuses black leaders of failing to achieve equality. By the mid-60s, factions within the Civil Rights Movement called for revolution. View footage of Black Panther rallies.
Racial Crossroads (01:48)
This program chronicles America's struggle for unity during the 1960s.
Nation of Islam (03:06)
Groups competed for African-American support in the north. The Nation of Islam taught pride and self-reliance. Learn how Elijah Muhammad rehabilitated convicts and drug addicts.
Malcolm X (01:56)
Learn how Malcolm Little converted to Islam while in prison and recruited new members at Harlem rallies. He called for black righteousness and self-reliance.
"The Hate that Hate Produced" (02:19)
A 1959 documentary portrayed the Nation of Islam as preaching hate. View footage of Louis Farrakhan's Washington, D.C. rally.
Preaching Black Empowerment (02:58)
Malcolm X became the Nation of Islam spokesman in 1963. Congress of Racial Equality member Sonia Sanchez describes a rally.
Civil Rights Leadership Divide (03:30)
Alex Haley describes working with Malcolm X on his autobiography. The media contrasted his ideas with Martin Luther King's message of nonviolence.
Breaking from the Nation of Islam (02:46)
Malcolm X criticizes Kennedy for failing to fulfill Civil Rights promises. Muhammad suspended him for an insensitive comment after Kennedy's assassination; he decided to stay independent.
Black Nationalism (02:35)
Malcolm X formed the Organization for Afro-American Unity and met with African leaders for support in taking his case to the U.N. Human Rights Commission.
SNCC Support (01:39)
Attempts were made on Malcolm X's life; view footage of him speaking in Oxford. Stokley Carmichael discusses how he gained student followers.
Assassination Attempt (02:12)
SNCC and King campaigned for voting rights in Alabama in 1965. Malcolm X offered to work with other groups; in February his home was bombed.
Black Community Loss (04:21)
Malcolm X initially blamed the Nation of Islam on the bombing. He was assassinated soon after; supporters recall Christian and Muslim funeral services.
Lowndes County Freedom Organization (03:01)
In 1965, SNCC focused on Southern political representation. Carmichael led a voter drive in Alabama, using a black panther symbol to counter the Democratic Party's racist rooster.
Lowndes County Elections (02:48)
On May 3, 1966, black residents voted for the first time since Reconstruction. 900 voted for the Freedom Party and Carmichael defeated John Lewis as SNCC National Chairman.
March Against Fear (02:52)
Whites continued to resist the Voting Rights Act. After James Meredith was shot walking to Jackson in 1966, tension arose between SNCC and SCLC leaders.
Attack Threats (02:22)
Marchers registered voters on the way to Jackson. State troopers provided minimal protection and Deacons for Defense and Justice watched over camps at night.
Call for Black Power (02:59)
King speaks against violence. Carmichael describes rallying SNCC marchers outside Greenwood; many were concerned that power was associated with violence.
Segregating the Civil Rights Movement (02:12)
The media saw Black Power as an ideological shift. SNCC believed blacks and whites should organize separately; King and Carmichael are interviewed while marching.
March of Fear Confrontation (03:01)
Permission to camp was revoked by Canton, Mississippi city officials. State troopers tear gassed and beat marchers, who remained nonviolent.
Black Empowerment (02:32)
On June 26, marchers entered Jackson. King and Carmichael speak to the crowd. Learn how the march symbolized a turning point for African-Americans in the Civil Rights struggle.
Credits: The Time Has Come 1964-1966: Eyes on the Prize—America's Civil Rights Movement 1954 - 1985 (01:35)
Credits: The Time Has Come 1964-1966: Eyes on the Prize—America's Civil Rights Movement 1954 - 1985
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