Segments in this Video

Watts Riots (00:58)


Martin Luther King speaks against social marginalization. View footage of the August 1965 uprising in Los Angeles that challenged his nonviolent philosophy.

Chicago Campaign (02:31)

After the Voting Rights Act, King went north to spread nonviolence and improve economic conditions for African-Americans. Learn about his apolitical strategy.

Chicago Freedom Movement (03:47)

Mayor Richard Daley was criticized for excluding blacks. Neighborhoods were segregated; learn how King organized to improve housing and living conditions.

Avoiding Confrontation (02:09)

Learn how Daley used his influence over public services to oppose the Chicago Freedom Movement.

Chicago Riots (05:06)

In July 1966, King held a Freedom Movement rally. SCLC leaders deadlocked with Daley on housing and tried to stop young people from resorting to violence. Daley blamed them for destruction.

Restructuring Chicago Demographics (01:34)

Freedom Movement leaders focused housing equality efforts on white neighborhoods. Learn how real estate agents profited from moving whites out.

Confronting Chicago Segregation (02:07)

Freedom Movement activists recall hostility as they marched into white neighborhoods. Skepticism increased over nonviolent protest.

Chicago Mob Violence (02:52)

On August 5, marchers entered a white neighborhood. SCLC members recall protecting King from harm and describe anger they felt towards society.

Playing with Fire (02:29)

Jesse Jackson announced a march into Cicero, a racially hostile neighborhood. Blacks and whites braced for riots.

Desegregation Victory (03:33)

Religious leaders urged King to stop marches. On August 26, 1966 the city promised to enforce open housing laws and he canceled the Cicero march—dividing the Chicago Freedom Movement.

Cicero March (03:19)

Local groups decided to march into the Chicago neighborhood—without King's support. View footage of marchers and white mobs exchanging insults.

Detroit Racial Inequality (01:49)

King's Chicago campaign was unsuccessful. Learn how urban renewal and job discrimination had marginalized black Detroit residents by 1967.

Detroit Riots (04:11)

African-American residents describe police harassment. After a raid on June 23, 1967, people began burning and looting. Black leader Arthur Johnson recalls trying to restore order.

Burning Detroit (03:51)

Michigan state guards were called in to stop the riots. Black residents describe taking out frustration on white businesses; witnesses recall chaos.

White House Intervention (03:11)

A Detroit resident describes being shot during the riots. Governor Romney requested Federal troops; Johnson insisted they use no bullets.

Regaining Order (06:30)

Hear paratrooper impressions of the Detroit riots. It took days to gain control; learn how police and guardsmen used racial profiling to target young black men.

Divided Society (02:21)

Detroit riots spawned uprisings across the country. A White House commission recommended racial unification measures but Johnson ignored their advice.

Anticipating Racial Conflict (01:42)

Suburban whites feared a black invasion in summer of 1968 while black communities focused on self determination.

Credits: Two Societies 1965-1968: Eyes on the Prize—America's Civil Rights Movement 1954 - 1985 (02:09)

Credits: Two Societies 1965-1968: Eyes on the Prize—America's Civil Rights Movement 1954 - 1985

Personal Remembrances: Henry Hampton (01:28)

Series producer, Henry Hampton discusses how African-Americans permanently altered their destiny during the Civil Rights Movement.

Inspiration (01:29)

Hampton explains how Frederick Douglass inspired him to create the series.

Kids My Age (02:06)

Hampton shares his first memory of civil rights involving Emmett Till and Mose Wright.

Morality Play (01:04)

Hampton discusses the impact of media coverage on the nation's understanding of the civil rights movement.

I Was There (01:45)

Hampton recalls participating in the Selma, Alabama civil rights march.

Out of the South (01:11)

Hampton describes fundraising challenges for the second part of "Eyes on the Prize."

Black Power (01:41)

Hampton discusses how the Civil Rights Movement lost support when it shifted ideologically.

Assassinations (00:52)

Hampton discusses how Martin Luther King and Bobby Kennedy's deaths impacted the Civil Rights Movement.

Truth and Heroes (00:49)

Hampton reflects on portraying Civil Rights leaders in an unbiased way.

African-American Roots (01:06)

Hampton reflects on the Civil Rights cultural transformation.

Surveillance (00:42)

Hampton describes how the government watched Civil Rights organizations.

Making History (00:44)

Hampton reflects on meeting Civil Rights participants while making "Eyes on the Prize."

Legacy (01:21)

Hampton talks about the relationships with the people who helped him make this program.

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Two Societies 1965–1968: Eyes on the Prize—America’s Civil Rights Movement 1954–1985

Part of the Series : Eyes on the Prize: America’s Civil Rights Movement 1954–1985
3-Year Streaming Price: $169.95



Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) come north to help Chicago’s civil rights leaders in their nonviolent struggle against segregated housing. Their efforts pit them against Chicago’s powerful mayor, Richard Daley. When a series of marches through all-white neighborhoods draws violence, King and Daley negotiate with mixed results. In Detroit, a police raid in a black neighborhood sparks an urban uprising that lasts five days, leaving 43 people dead. The Kerner Commission finds that America is becoming “two societies, one black, one white, separate and unequal.” President Lyndon Johnson, who appointed the commission, ignores the report.

Length: 75 minutes

Item#: BVL58639

Copyright date: ©1994

Closed Captioned

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