Segments in this Video

Black Panther Party (01:44)


As the organization urged self-defense, police confrontations increased; tensions erupted at the 1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago.

FBI Surveillance (01:46)

FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover expanded surveillance aimed especially at the Black Panther Party.

"Power to the People" (03:46)

Black Panther Party Chairman Fred Hampton initiated community programs in Chicago, like Breakfast for Children, that aroused FBI suspicions.

Discrediting the Black Panther Party (03:49)

In 1969, the FBI and State Police undermined a coalition between the Black Panther Party and the Blackstone Rangers gang in Chicago. They jailed Fred Hampton and raided the party Office.

Greatest Threat to the U.S. (03:45)

FBI Director Hoover declared the Black Panther Party the greatest threat to national security. Fred Hampton was freed while waiting an appeal; he continued to inspire people.

Police Action Against the Panthers (04:04)

National Black Panther Chairman Bobby Seale was bound and gagged during his 1969 trial. On December 4, 1969 authorities, with the aid of an informant, located Fred Hampton and killed him. (Graphic images)

Controversy Over Hampton's Death (04:44)

Official accounts that cited an attack by Black Panther members on police were contradicted by reporter Brian Boyer and evidence from Hampton's apartment.

Witness to the Injustice (04:16)

Law enforcement lost credibility when the black community saw evidence preserved by the People's Law Center. Father Clements recalls the atmosphere at Hampton's funeral.

Hampton Investigation (01:46)

FBI ballistics experts discredit the police account. Stolen documents reveal the scope of FBI surveillance; President Nixon supports and congratulates the FBI.

Judicial Oppression (03:09)

Angela Davis cites the oppression of black people. Author George Jackson's murder affected many inmates.

Attica State Prison Riot (03:19)

On Sept. 9, 1971, a riot broke out and hostages were taken. Commissioner Russell Oswald negotiates with prisoners while the Muslim Brotherhood establishes order.

Attica Negotiations (04:50)

Talks reach an impasse over prisoner amnesty. Tensions increase and Commissioner Oswald leaves the yard. Outside observers arrive for negotiations. On the third day, troopers record inmate activities.

Negotiations Break Down (01:58)

Prisoners work to make Attica more livable as supporters wait outside. Gov. Nelson Rockefeller called in State Troopers after a guard's death and refused prisoner amnesty.

Call for Unity (02:14)

Prison leaders use black and Latino reporters to speak directly to the public; they call for all oppressed to unify. The hostages' appeal to the Governor went unheard.

Retaking Attica (02:55)

On day five, prisoners threatened to kill hostages if attacked. Learn how the police entered the yard and regained control of the prison.

Inmates Surrender (02:12)

Authorities forced prisoners to strip and crawl face down in the mud. They marked and brutalized select inmates. (Nudity)

39 Killed at Attica (01:52)

See Commissioner Oswald address the media. Hostage Tom Wicker questions police urgency to attack; 29 inmates and 10 hostages were killed.

Law and Order (02:11)

Gov. Rockefeller defends the tactics authorities used to regain control of Attica State Prison. Mourners attend the funerals of those killed at Attica.

Credits: A Nation of Law? 1968–1971: Eyes on the Prize—America’s Civil Rights Movement 1954–1985 (02:16)

Credits: A Nation of Law? 1968–1971: Eyes on the Prize—America’s Civil Rights Movement 1954–1985

Personal Remembrances: Henry Hampton (01:18)

Series producer, Henry Hampton discusses how African-Americans permanently altered their destiny during the Civil Rights Movement.

Inspiration (01:29)

Hampton explains how Frederick Douglass inspired him to create the series.

Kids My Age (02:05)

Hampton shares his first memory of civil rights involving Emmett Till and Mose Wright.

Morality Play (01:04)

Hampton discusses the impact of media coverage on the nation's understanding of the Civil Rights movement.

I Was There (01:46)

Hampton recalls participating in the Selma, Alabama Civil Rights march.

Out of the South (01:10)

Hampton describes fundraising challenges for the second part of "Eyes on the Prize."

Black Power (01:42)

Hampton discusses how the Civil Rights Movement lost support when it shifted ideologically.

Assassinations (00:52)

Hampton discusses how Martin Luther King and Bobby Kennedy's deaths impacted the Civil Rights Movement.

Truth and Heroes (00:49)

Hampton reflects on portraying Civil Rights leaders in an unbiased way.

Transformation (01:05)

Hampton reflects on the Civil Rights cultural transformation.

Surveillance (00:43)

Hampton describes how the government watched Civil Rights organizations.

Making History (00:44)

Hampton reflects on meeting Civil Rights participants while making "Eyes on the Prize."

Legacy (01:22)

Hampton talks about the relationships with the people who helped him make this program.

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A Nation of Law? 1968–1971: Eyes on the Prize—America’s Civil Rights Movement 1954–1985

Part of the Series : Eyes on the Prize: America’s Civil Rights Movement 1954–1985
3-Year Streaming Price: $169.95



Black activism is increasingly met with a sometimes violent and unethical response from local and federal law enforcement agencies. In Chicago, two Black Panther Party leaders are killed in a pre-dawn raid by police acting on information supplied by an FBI informant. In the wake of President Nixon’s call to “law and order,” stepped-up arrests push the already poor conditions at New York’s Attica State Prison to the limit. A five-day inmate takeover calling the public’s attention to the conditions leaves 43 men dead: four killed by inmates, 39 by police.

Length: 75 minutes

Item#: BVL58643

Copyright date: ©1994

Closed Captioned

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