Segments in this Video

U.S. Immigration (01:42)


In the spring of 1980, Cuban and Haitian refugees flooded Miami in search of the American Dream. The nation was once again at a racial crossroads.

Overtown, Miami (01:55)

The northern edge of the city was a viable black community; segregation was slow to change. Lonnie Lawrence recalls growing up in Overtown. Clyde Killens hosted many black entertainers at his club.

Overtown Disappears (03:54)

Protestors participated in sit-ins at downtown lunch counters. Residents were forced to move so the City of Miami could build an express way.

Picketing Black Against Residents (02:26)

Many Overtown residents relocated to Liberty City. Frank Legree recalls moving into the all-white community. Many believe education is vital to desegregation. Sammy Davis Jr. encourages the community.

Arthur McDuffie (01:59)

Booker T. Washington High School students, including McDuffie, rose to meet Sammy Davis Jr.'s challenge.

Struggles in the Central District (03:02)

By the 1970s, whites and affluent blacks moved out, leaving behind a struggling community. Learn the circumstances surrounding Arthur McDuffie's death in 1979.

Victim of Police Brutality (02:27)

Lonnie Lawrence recalls learning about McDuffie's death. Chief Deputy Medical Examiner Dr. Ronald Wright explains how McDuffie died. See his mother's reaction and clips from McDuffie's funeral.

McDuffie's Murder Trial (03:07)

State Attorney Janet Reno filed charges against five officers involved in McDuffie's death; view interviews and trial footage. An all-white, all-male jury found the defendants not guilty.

Miami Riots (03:58)

In response to the Arthur McDuffie trial verdict, citizens rioted for three days in Overtown and Liberty City; 17 people died and more than 1,000 were arrested.

Riot Damages (03:18)

Overtown and Liberty City sustained nearly $100 million dollars of property damage. View President Carter's Miami riots press conference and Ronald Reagan's campaign speech

Chicago, Illinois (01:51)

A grassroots coalition fought against government response. Mayor Michael Bilandic spurred outrage by ordering subways to pass by black neighborhoods in the 1979 snowstorm.

Cabrini–Green (03:40)

In 1981, Mayor Jane Byrne announces her decision to live in the projects; she stayed for three weeks. Residents are outraged over Byrne's appointments to the Public Housing council.

Voter Registration Campaign (02:38)

In 1982, the Illinois Department of Public Aid reduced available funds. Residents organized to encourage voter registration. Harold Washington was a crowd favorite for mayoral candidacy.

Harold Washington (04:15)

Black leaders tested the community's feelings about who should run for Chicago mayor; Washington was reluctant to be a candidate. The registration effort had a goal of 50,000 new registrants.

1983 Chicago Mayor Race (02:38)

By October 5, 1982, voting rolls swelled to include more than 100,000 newly registered voters. On November 10, Washington announced his candidacy. Public support was overwhelming.

Campaign Strategies (03:32)

Learn about the Chicago mayoral candidates and their endorsements. Byrne campaigns in the black community.

Election Day (02:23)

On February 22, 1983, Washington won Chicago's democratic primary; the community felt empowered. Washington became Chicago's first black mayor.

Civil Rights Movement (03:09)

View archival footage of Civil Rights marches and speeches. Speakers include: Martin Luther King Jr, Unita Blackwell, and Jesse Jackson.

Civil Rights Movement Continues (01:56)

Experts consider the messages of the Civil Rights Movement and its future. View archival footage of Civil Rights marches and speeches.

Credits: Back to Movement 1979-Mid 1980s: Eyes on the Prize—America's Civil Rights Movement 1954 - 1985 (02:10)

Credits: Back to Movement 1979-Mid 1980s: Eyes on the Prize—America's Civil Rights Movement 1954 - 1985

Personal Remembrances: Henry Hampton (01:29)

Hampton reflects on his experience fighting for equal rights and making the Eyes on the Prize series.

Inspiration (01:29)

Hampton explains how Frederick Douglass inspired him to create the series.

Kids My Age (02:04)

Hampton shares his first memory of civil rights involving Emmett Till and Mose Wright.

Morality Play (01:04)

Hampton discusses the impact of media coverage on the nation's understanding of the civil rights movement.

I Was There (01:45)

Hampton recalls participating in the Selma, Alabama civil rights march.

Out of the South (01:10)

Hampton describes fundraising challenges for the second part of "Eyes on the Prize."

Black Power (01:42)

Hampton discusses how the Civil Rights Movement lost support when it shifted ideologically.

Assassinations (00:51)

Hampton discusses how Martin Luther King and Bobby Kennedy's deaths impacted the Civil Rights Movement.

Truth and Heroes (00:49)

Hampton addresses the difficulty in accurately portraying heroic figures.

Transformation (01:05)

Hampton talks about the way the civil rights movement changed people.

Surveillance (00:43)

Hampton describes how the government watched Civil Rights organizations.

Making History (00:44)

Hampton reflects on meeting Civil Rights participants while making "Eyes on the Prize."

Legacy (01:20)

Hampton talks about the relationships with the people who helped him make this program.

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Back to the Movement 1979–Mid 1980s: Eyes on the Prize—America’s Civil Rights Movement 1954–1985

Part of the Series : Eyes on the Prize: America’s Civil Rights Movement 1954–1985
3-Year Streaming Price: $169.95



Power and powerlessness. Miami’s black community—pummeled by urban renewal, a lack of jobs, and police harassment— explodes in rioting. But in Chicago, an unprecedented grassroots movement triumphs. Frustrated by decades of unfulfilled promises made by the city’s Democratic political machine, reformers install Harold Washington as Chicago’s first black mayor.

Length: 75 minutes

Item#: BVL58645

Copyright date: ©1994

Closed Captioned

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Only available in USA and Canada.