Pompeii: Daily Life of the Ancient Romans

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Pompeii: Daily Life of the Ancient Romans (45:00)
Item# 2094

A walk through the streets of Pompeii, into villas and shops, baths and gardens, temples, basilicas, the stadium, and the marketplace, demonstrates and explains the history of Pompeii and its relationship to Rome; the customs, lifestyle, living standards, and moral and religious values of Pompeians; and the cataclysm that buried the city and suffocated its entire population. Re-creations of buildings and other sites help to clarify an extremely vivid and informative program. (45 minutes)

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Segments in this Video - (11)

1. History of Pompeii (04:37)
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After a series of occupations, Pompeii was Romanized in 80 BC. Viewers tour the remains of Pompeii and learn that life in Pompeii was tied to the land, which was owned by a few wealthy people.

2. Pompeii's Banking System and Architectural Style (02:50)

Ancient banking records on 150 clay tablets detail a banker's accounts. Pompeii's monetary system is demonstrated. Pompeii's dual heritage can be seen in the architecture, a blend of Italic Samnite and Hellenistic Roman.

3. Pompeii: Typical Day's Activities for the Rich (04:56)

Day begins at sunrise when all the dependents to pay respects to the master of the house. Then the master pays respect to his patrons. This extended chain of protocol takes 3-4 hours daily. Trained slaves minister to Pompeii’s wealthy women.

4. Daily Business in Pompeii (04:40)

The bulk of Pompeii's population spends the mornings working, preparing for market, and loading wagons from ships. Storekeepers live above their shops, which open directly onto the streets.

5. Pompeii: Street Traffic and Campaign Signs (05:07)

Typical of this time in history, rich and poor lived in the same neighborhoods. Roman ingenuity shows in the vehicle and pedestrian paths and raised walkways. Colorful painted wall messages support political candidates.

6. The Forum in Pompeii (04:51)

Viewers tour the remains of the Forum, a place for political and business conversations. Computer graphics reveal how the Forum actually looked. The tour continues to the market and to the basilica, the seat of the judicial system.

7. Pompeii: Leisure Activities (05:12)

Pompeian baths contained hot, warm, and cold-water baths, a gymnasium, and facilities for men and women. Pompeians were broadminded about sexual mores and enjoyed games of chance.

8. Pompeii: Taverns, Holidays, and Temples (03:23)

Pompeii’s taverns provided prostitutes to their patrons, and Pompeians enjoyed holidays and cheap entertainment. Romans in general were not a religious people, and their temples often honored living emperors.

9. Pompeii's Amphitheaters (03:50)

Pompeii's amphitheater and theaters were arenas for cruelty. On theatrical stages, criminals were tortured and killed on stage. Reconstructed sets and footage of architectural remains round out the discussion of Pompeii's entertainment.

10. Women and Wealth in Pompeii (04:28)

Women played active roles in local election campaigns. The remains of the Villa Julia show viewers how upper class Pompeians lived. Luxurious table settings and a collection of fine wines were daily fare for the wealthy.

11. 79 AD: Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius (04:55)

In this re-enactment of the last night of Pompeii, citizens hear a series of dull roars after dinner. At ten o’clock the next morning, Mt. Vesuvius erupted and Pompeii ceased to exist.

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