Population Six Billion

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Population Six Billion (58:00)
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With 10,000 children born per hour, 80 million per year, the human population of the Earth surpassed the 6 billion mark in 1999. As resources of every kind get spread thinner and thinner, how will the impoverished peoples of Africa, Asia, and Latin America survive? And how much longer will it be before their urgent plight devastates Western society? This program thoroughly addresses the grim realities of life in third-world nations while providing case studies of population control initiatives in Vietnam, Uganda, and Mexico that include family planning, HIV/AIDS testing and counseling, and sex education. (58 minutes)

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Segments in this Video - (15)

1. Population Explosion (02:01)
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Since 1960 Earth's population has increased from three billion people to six billion people; nearly all population growth currently occurs in the developing world. The population explosion impacts every aspect of life on the planet.

2. The Six Billionth Child (01:46)

A third of the world's children live in extreme poverty and exist without adequate food, clean water, basic healthcare, and education. The developing world's impoverished girls and women lead especially difficult and perilous lives.

3. Population Impact (02:41)

Earth's growing human population exacts an enormous toll on the environment. Ever increasing demands for resources threaten the planet's ecological balance and consume the resources on which all life, including people, depend.

4. Population Control in Rural Vietnam (04:28)

Government health workers teach family planning methods and distribute contraceptives to people in Vietnam's most remote villages. The efforts have helped slow population growth in rural areas.

5. Population Control in Hanoi (04:57)

Half of Vietnam's population lives in overcrowded apartments with little food and no sanitation. Public health campaigns promoting family planning have helped cut the country's fertility rate in half (contains video footage of a human birth).

6. Vietnam Fights High Abortion Rates with Sex Education (05:47)

The average Vietnamese woman has more than two abortions in her lifetime. The high abortion rate reflects unmet needs for contraception, the low cost of abortions, and the absence of sex education for young people.

7. AIDS Necessitates Sex Education in Uganda (05:15)

In Uganda and most of east Africa approximately 25 percent of all adults are infected with HIV. The pandemic has compelled Uganda to initiate sex education classes in primary and secondary schools.

8. Obstacles to Uganda's Sex Education Efforts (02:53)

Many Ugandan children do not receive sex education because they do not attend school. For some Ugandans discussion about human sexuality remains taboo and for others tradition dictates large families and prohibits contraception.

9. Maternal Mortality in Uganda (02:39)

Women of Uganda's Baganda people counsel young adults to prepare them for relationships. Uganda has one of the world's highest fertility rates; a government program has helped reduce the correspondingly high maternal mortality rate.

10. Female Genital Mutilation (03:20)

Eastern Uganda's Sabinyi people practice female genital mutilation; more than 100 million girls around the world have been victims of the ritual. Circumcision of young girls causes pain, bleeding, infection, and scar tissue.

11. Urbanization: Mexico City's Affluence and Poverty (02:54)

Urbanization is the only demographic trend to exceed the world's population explosion. In Mexico City unsurpassed affluence exists next to poverty so extreme that thousands of families survive by scavenging through garbage dumps.

12. Sex Education and Family Planning in Mexico City (04:14)

Sex education and family planning programs have helped slow Mexico City's unsustainable population growth. The fertility rate has dropped but many couples still produce six or more children (includes a condom use demonstration).

13. Desperate Conditions in Juarez (03:08)

Ciudad Juarez suffers from some of Latin America's highest rates of population growth, unemployment, and poverty. Tainted water, raw sewage, and airborne toxins in Juarez severely impact public health.

14. Empowering the Women of Juarez (03:35)

Because women are the traditional family caretakers in Juarez the region's few economic initiatives focus on empowering them. Several organizations offer the women of Juarez small loans to start businesses.

15. International Conference on Population and Development (06:02)

The international community met in 1994 to develop a worldwide population control strategy. Unpaid financial pledges from many nations and desperate living conditions in developing countries threaten to undermine the conference's action plan.

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