Neighbor Against Neighbor (03:40)
In fall of 2004, the Dover Area School Board passes a policy requiring science classes to include intelligent design in the curriculum. Eugenie C. Scott believes supporters seek to re-Christianize America. A six-week trial ensues.
School Board Moves on Creationism (03:34)
Listen to sound bites from creationists in the Dover area. Alan Bonsell meets with science teachers to discuss approaches to teaching evolution. Creationists view the history of the earth through a literal translation of the Bible.
Evolution Removed From Text Books (03:31)
In 1925, high school science teacher John Scopes is found guilty of teaching evolution and fined $100. In1987, the Supreme Court rules that creationism in schools violates the separation of church and state.
Finches of Galapagos (02:44)
Darwin publishes "On the Origin of Species" in 1859. Listen to a description of the journey that led to his theory of natural selection.
Descent with Modification (02:26)
Darwin believes that over time, species can change. He goes on to theorize that humans can be a result of the same changes. At least 1/3 of the U.S. population rejects evolution.
High School Vandalism (02:01)
A mural depicting evolution is stolen and burned. Buckingham announces his intentions to find a text book that includes evolution and creationism, and the school board erupts in chaos. Parents and teachers describe the experience.
Remaining Within the Constitution (02:21)
Journalist Laurie Lebo begins reporting on the constitutional controversy at Dover High School. Buckingham reaches out to a law firm known for questioning Darwinism. Richard Thompson introduces Buckingham to the theory of Intelligent Design.
John Loves Mary (02:43)
Buckingham reaches out to the Discovery Institute where he is given further materials on Intelligent Design. Watch an excerpt from "Unlocking the Mystery of Life" describing the theory. Steve Fuller describes ID's central tenet.
Emergence of Intelligent Design (03:39)
The school board rejects "Of Pandas and People." An anonymous donor gifts the school copies of the books anyway. Teachers are required to read a statement suggesting ID as an alternative to evolution, and directing students to the gifted book.
Violation of Constitutional Rights (02:47)
On December 13, 2004, 11 parents file a lawsuit against the Dover Area School District. Science teachers refuse to read the 1-minute statement. Watch a re-enactment of Dover's assistant superintendent reading the statement.
Eyes of the Nation on Dover (03:16)
On September 26, 2005, the case of Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District begins. Watch a re-enactment from the 6-week trial.
Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District (02:10)
The defense is optimistic about the case. Judge John E. Jones III was appointed by President Bush who supports Intelligent Design. Matthew Chapman, the great, great, grandson of Charles Darwin believes that he is living proof against evolution.
Science or Not? (03:12)
Witold Walczak describes the plaintiff's approach to the case. Ken Miller, co-other of "Biology," the standard textbook taught at Dover High School, takes the stand. Watch a re-enactment of his testimony describing natural selection and Intelligent Design.
Transitional Fossils (04:29)
Neil Shubin describes the transitions that evolution predicts will be found in fossils. Listen to a description of the evolutionary process. In 2004, the fossil Tiktaalik is discovered, showing the transition from fish to amphibian.
Objective Evidence (02:23)
Kevin Padian recalls the day he spent during the trial explaining fossils and evolution. He describes the amazement of the reporters who had never been taught what he was discussing.
Theory v. Fact (02:31)
Dover continues to wonder why evolutionary theory is taught as fact. Watch a re-enactment from the trial, in which Padian explains the definition of theory.
Random Mutations (02:16)
Darwin is convinced that species evolved over time, and modern science is able to show how it happens. Listen to a description of genetics using butterflies as an example.
Common Ancestry (04:25)
Ken Miller's testimony describes DNA evidence revealing the evolutionary ancestry of humans to apes, in Chromosome 2. Scientists discuss the significance of a theory withstanding 150 years of evidence. Robert Pennock describes the practical biological applications of evolution.
Fundamental Problem with Intelligent Design (02:46)
Ken Miller's testimony refutes supernatural causation. Eugenie C. Scot explains that ID cannot be used to explain the natural world.
Danger in Dover (03:34)
Tammy Kitzmiller reads hate mail she received during the trail. Buckingham resigns from the school board.
Defense Case (02:02)
Five of eight witnesses drop out before going on the stand. Richard Thompson of argues that there are credible scientists who support intelligent design.
Purposeful Arrangement of Parts (02:23)
Listen to a re-enactment of Michael Behe's testimony for the defense. Behe believes the best example of intelligent design is seen in bacterial flagellum.
Resembling Human Design (02:34)
Behe quotes David DeRosier's work in support of intelligent design. In a later interview, DeRosier contradicts Behe, and instead believes his work supports evolution.
Not Irreducibly Complex (02:30)
DeRosier describes evidence of natural selection in bacterial flagellum. While Behe argues that the flagellum could not have evolved, DeRosier describes similar bacteria that the flagellum may have evolved from.
Miller Makes a Fashion Statement (01:42)
Miller takes the stand wearing a broken mouse trap. Using the device, he describes how "irreducible complexity" falls apart in bacterial flagellum.
Plaintiff Rebuttle (02:41)
Behe believes that natural selection does not answer questions in regard to the immune system. Plaintiff attorney, Eric Rothschild challenges Behe with a pile of evidence. Thompson believes Rothschild is being theatrical.
Last Day of Testimony (02:12)
Watch a re-enactment of Scott Minnich's testimony for the defense, describing design at the molecular level. He quotes Michael Behe as evidence.
Faith and Reason (02:30)
Listen to interviews with the people of Dover as they describe personal obstacles experienced during the trial. Kenneth Miller describes his experience as a Roman Catholic and scientist.
Creationism Repackaged (03:38)
Stephen Harvey describes the plaintiff's mission to reveal that the Dover School Board was motivated by religion when introducing Intelligent Design into the classroom. Science teacher, Bertha Spahr finds evidence against the defense.
Creationism Repackaged (03:08)
Barbara Forrest compares early drafts of "Of Pandas and People," and finds a definition of creationism that later becomes the definition for Intelligent Design. She finds further evidence to indicate that writers haphazardly copy/pasted the term swap.
Loosening the Rules of Science (03:46)
Watch a re-enactment of Forrest's testimony, citing intelligent design leader Paul Nelson who confesses the need for a theory to support ID. Behe accepts astrology as a scientific theory. Steve Fuller believes that acceptance of super naturalism has led to a better understanding of science.
Objective Moral Standards (03:45)
Forrest describes the goals of the intelligent design movement, as described in the Discovery Institute's secret document leaked on the web. One of its goals is to dominate science, culture, and politics with ID. Phillip Johnson describes wedge theory.
Contradictory Evidence (03:47)
In court, evidence reveals Buckingham's religious intentions. Buckingham and Bonsell may be guilty of perjury.
1-Minute Statement (03:04)
Watch a re-enactment of closing arguments from the trial. The plaintiff argues that the teaching of intelligent design is an infringement on the separation of church and state. The defendant argues that it is the responsibility of the school to educate students on multiple philosophies.
Intelligent Design Ruled Not Science (02:04)
The citizens of Dover elect new school board members, and all of the seats go to anti-ID candidates. On December 20, 2005 Judge Jones delivers a 139-page document, ruling that the teaching of ID in Dover science classes is unconstitutional.
Jones Recommends Perjury Investigation (02:41)
Judge Jones reads an excerpt from and discusses his ruling. The school administration is ordered to pay the plaintiff's legal fees. Jones is named one of the "100 Most Influential People of the Year," by Time Magazine.
Defendants Respond (02:13)
Buckingham shares his poor opinion of Judge Jones. Thompson believes that the judge was out of line for deciding matters of science. Judge Jones receives death threats.
Future of Intelligent Design (01:38)
Listen to a final summary and sound bites from those for and against ID. Judge Jones describes what he expects for the future of the fight.
Credits: Judgement Day: Intelligent Design on Trial (01:38)
Credits: Judgement Day: Intelligent Design on Trial
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