Lower Class England (02:12)
Missionaries tried to help working class families in Victorian England— descendants will explore their family's forgotten history. Two gang members terrorized Salford. A judge decided to punish them. (Credits)
Salford, England (02:15)
Because there was no entertainment in the area, scuttles occurred between neighborhood gangs. Police hauled in innocent bystanders when they broke up a fight. Allen Farrer understood why his ancestor, Peter Moffatt fought regularly.
Moffatt and Allmark (03:18)
Moffat received a nine-month prison sentence for stabbing John Allmark. Moffatt blamed Allmark for the incarceration and on the day he was released, he searched for the Oak Street Gang. After Moffatt called them out, the gang tore apart the furniture in a pub to create makeshift weapons.
Allmark Refused Meet Moffatt (03:41)
Moffatt ran away from the fighting because his gang was losing— the Oak Street Gang stabbed him five times in the back. Joseph Makinson realized that prison was no longer an effective way to deter scuttling and decided to request public floggings as punishment.
Flogging Considered Brutal (03:07)
The Home Secretary turned down Makinson's solution— Allmark and Moffatt each received time in prison. Moffatt lived an isolated life with only his sister Margaret for company. At the age of 51, he was diagnosed with lung cancer, died at the Crumpsall Work Hospital in North Manchester, and was buried in a mass grave.
Moffatt Descendant's (03:37)
Joseph Farrer, Margaret's son, married Cressie Bailey in 1935 and had a son. Allen remembers their turbulent marriage and Joseph's womanizing ways. One Friday night when he was 17, Cressie died.
Allen's Story (02:38)
When Allen returned from the army, he discovered his father had sold all the furniture and moved in with another woman. When she died, Allen took him in because his dad was one of "his own." Allen courted Maureen, got married and raised three children.
Tough Economic Times (03:24)
Gary Farrer left school after five years and went to work doing odd jobs. During the Thatcher years, it was hard to find a job because so many factories were closing down. He started saving money and met Mandy.
Love of Flying (04:20)
Gary decided to travel abroad with his family, worked at a recycling plant, and bought his own house. Joe and Lois, Gary's children, graduated from college and still live at home.
The Allmarks (03:58)
Makinson sent Allmark to Strangeways Prison for four months. After serving in the army, Allmark started a coal business, married Eliza, and stayed in Salford. Ray Allmark started as a scuttler much like John, but became a family man after meeting Mary.
Similar Path (02:01)
Ray took a job as a carpenter for the council cleaner and now works as a cleaner. The Allmarks continue to pursue working-class professions: nurses, beauticians, and laborers. Adam Allmark and John Allmark describe how the family is tight-knit.
Makinson's Descendants (04:21)
Joseph Makinson, Makinson's son, initially studied law at Cambridge but decided to become a member of the clergy instead. Kenneth Makinson met his wife in Italy, but they separated when John Crowther Makinson was young. John went to boarding school when he was five.
Living Internationally (03:05)
John graduated from Cambridge University, began working for the "Financial Times," and now works in New York as the chairman of "Penguin Books." He believes he received his ambition from his Makinson ancestors. He worries about spending so much time away from England and maintaining family ties.
John's Children (03:41)
Emma and Lucy Makinson both graduated from Cambridge University— John is very proud. The family makes work a priority and can go a month or two without speaking to each other. John examined his relationship with his parents in therapy and recognized some patterns of behavior that occur across generations.
After 120 years, the Makinson's, Allmark's, and Moffat's families reunite. Each descendent talks about their expectations for the other families. The Moffatts and the Allmarks find common ground and similarities.
Credits: The Salford Scuttlers— The Secret History of My Family: A Social History (00:32)
Credits: The Salford Scuttlers— The Secret History of My Family: A Social History
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