Anti-War Literature: "One Morning the World Woke Up" (02:34)
Listen to a recitation of the poem by Oscar Williams. James Macandrew explains that dramatists, poets, and novelists reach beyond common sense to describe the futility of war.
"Moby Dick" (03:48)
Listen to an excerpt of the novel written by Herman Melville recited by Michael Tolan. As Ishmael and Queequeg weave a mat, Ishmael realizes it is a metaphor for the way fate, free will, and chance work.
Aristophanes uses the metaphor of thread to describe a woman's feelings towards war. Listen to Agnes Moorehead and Tim O'Connor perform a scene between Lysistrata and the magistrate.
"The Red Badge of Courage" (03:15)
Stephen Crane gave a detailed description of the Civil War, although he never witnessed it. Listen to an excerpt recited by Tim O'Connor.
"I Saw the Vision of Armies" (01:20)
Walt Whitman questioned who suffered from the Civil War. Michael Tolan recites the poem in its entirety.
Luigi Pirandello does not write about the battlefield but a train, where parents of soldiers are passengers. Agnes Moorehead recites the short story.
Credits: Anti-War Literature in Performance (Aristophanes, Melville, Pirandello) (00:43)
Credits: Anti-War Literature in Performance (Aristophanes, Melville, Pirandello)
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