China's Rapid Industrial Revolution (01:02)
China transformed from a developing country to a superpower in 30 years; it will soon overtake the U.S. as the largest economy. This film will examine how it happened.
Big Come-Back (02:17)
China, the world's oldest existing civilization, declined during 19th century wars with colonial Europe. After Japanese occupation and civil war, Mao proclaimed the People's Republic in 1949. In theory, workers rule; in practice, the Communist Party elite control politics.
Faith in the Revolution (03:00)
Despite corruption, communism freed millions from oppression. Liu Rong recalls hardships as a peasant farmer before acquiring land; women gained political rights and arranged marriages were abolished. Professor Wang Hui argues social mobility was the revolution's key achievement.
China's 20th Century Hero (03:31)
Mao is enshrined in ideology and popular imagery; his portrait has hung in Tienanmen Square since 1949. Wang Qizhi has been his portraitist for 27 years; he feared the Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution.
Cultural Revolution (06:04)
The Great Leap Forward resulted in famine. From 1966 to 1976, Red Guards aimed to purge opposition to communism—leading to paranoia and violence. Journalist Li Zhensheng hid "negative" photographs of the revolution from his newspaper colleagues. Mao remained a divisive leader.
After Mao's Death: the Market Economy (02:47)
Deng Xiaoping introduced Western economics that brought unemployment, inflation and corruption. Student protesters demanded more democracy, culminating in the Tienanmen Square Massacre. Writer Yu Hua describes the atmosphere leading to June 4, 1989.
Tiananmen Square Massacre (03:04)
Yu recalls ordinary people joining students to protest corruption. The Chinese Army cleared the square by firing at the ground and in the air; many people were killed by ricocheting bullets. Citizens are forbidden from speaking of the event in public.
Embracing American-Style Capitalism (03:29)
Mao predicted China would overtake the U.S. by 2016. After the Tienanmen Square Massacre, economic reform accelerated, fueled by urban migration; progress has come at an environmental and social cost.
Credits: Inside China 1: The Rise of a Superpower (00:09)
Credits: Inside China 1: The Rise of a Superpower
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