Changes Within the Century (04:00)
Chronic diseases are the leading cause of death in America. Obesity contributes to five out of ten deaths and carries increased risks of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and neuropathy. Experts predict health care costs will exceed $300 billion by 2018.
Making a Difference (03:01)
Nabholz Construction conducted a companywide screening to assess the overall health of its employees. Jayme Mayo, the Wellness program coordinator, describes how shocked the corporation was at the results.
No DNA Changes (04:59)
While individuals can stop smoking or drinking alcohol entirely, humans must eat in to survive. Experts discuss why individuals are genetically programmed to overeat, crave specific foods, and conditioned to store excess fat.
Food Production Begins (02:21)
The Industrial Revolution led the United States to keep a ready supply of food. Farmer subsidies, advances in technology, and innovations increased the yield per acre, creating an abundance of crops.
What Changed in the Past 30 Years? (03:49)
More than 75% of Americans drive to work and live an increasingly sedentary lifestyle; only five percent of adults attain the minimal level of recommended physical activity. Children consume more than 7.5 hours of media daily. Heavily advertised caloric foods replaced healthy eating habits of previous generations.
Rich and Poor Neighborhoods (04:35)
Living in low-income and ethnic communities increases the risk of obesity. Experts provide statistics on the health of individuals based upon their economic background. Many poorer communities do not contain playgrounds where children can exercise.
Shopping at Bodegas (02:36)
The NYC Department of Health conducted a study that demonstrates that New Yorkers purchase 80% of their food from convenience stores. A bag of potato chips costs a dollar less than a piece of fresh fruit. Approximately 50% of school children in Philadelphia purchase snacks before or after school at a corner store.
Fast Food (03:09)
Experts discuss how advertising programs consumers to eat off dollar menus. The most processed foods yield the highest profits.
Farm Bill (03:11)
Americans are becoming obese due to excess fat, sugar, and refined grains, which are heavily subsidized by the U.S. government. Within the last 30 years, it has become more economical to purchase a soft drink than a fruit or vegetable.
End of the Small Farm (04:48)
Farmers planted corn and soybeans on half of all U.S. farmland. Andrew Dunham and the Practical Farmers of Iowa meet to discuss the issue. Large Conglomerates like Monsanto, ConAgra, and Kraft control most of the farmland in the country and are resistant to change.
Good Natured Family Farms (02:22)
Diana Endicott runs an alliance of 150 small family farms dedicated to industrializing their production lines. By creating produce hubs, the organization makes growing fresh fruits and vegetables eco-friendly and wallet-friendly. David Ball provided refrigeration trailers to the farmers.
Growing the Local Food Movement (02:10)
The members of the Practical Farmers of Iowa discuss how government subsidies need to change to make growing fruits and vegetables economically viable. Only two percent of U.S. farmland is dedicated to it.
Cost of Obesity (05:34)
Dr. David Flum discusses how poor food choices lead to obesity and cardiovascular health issues. Experts compare obesity to tobacco and testify before the Institute of Medicine's Committee on Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention in Washington, DC.
Making Nashville Healthier (05:16)
Tennessee has the second highest rate of obesity in the United States. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) gifted Nashville with a $7.5 million grant to improve bike lanes, sidewalks, and parks. City leaders and residents discuss the improvements to the town and future projects.
Changes at Nabholz Construction (02:31)
Jayme Mayo reviews the results of the wellness tests with employees and provides tips on how to decrease sugar and lose weight. Wayne Robinson began exercising. Since the program's inception, the number of employees with pre-diabetes and high cholesterol has dropped.
Growth in Santa Ana, CA (02:43)
The IOM recognized America Bracho for creating innovative programs to reduce diabetes and obesity in low-income communities. Latino Health Access convinced a landowner to donate an unused lot to build a park; the group raised 3.5 million dollars and spent 7 years obtaining city and state permits.
Grassroots solutions (04:06)
Experts suggest methods to reduce obesity including: growing vegetables, schools doubling as parks, mobile markets, walking school buses, farmer's markets, and green carts.
Obesity Prevention (02:07)
The nation needs to recognize that obesity prevention is a priority. Experts discuss how changes are occurring, but it will be a slow process.
Credits: The Weight of the Nation: Part 4— Challenges (02:28)
Credits: The Weight of the Nation: Part 4— Challenges
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