Mount Vesuvius (04:04)
In this video series, Patrick Boucheron will examine the impact of specific dates in history. In 1748, experts discovered sculptures and ancient remains in Pompeii. The city was buried under ash.
Archeological Digging (03:07)
Diggers discovered bakeries, homes, a forum, an amphitheater, city walls, and shops. Images of Pompeii were shown throughout Europe. Movies depicted a wealthy idealized Roman city.
Pompeii: 79 AD (03:17)
Pompeii contained 12,000 inhabitants and produced wine. It did not become an official Roman Empire colony until 89 BC. Samnites spoke Oscan, not Latin.
Pompeii: Stratigraphy (02:50)
Historians reconstructed a city within its political context and historical timeline. White pumice, lapilli, and solid material rained down on Pompeii from Mount Vesuvius. Plaster casts of decomposed corpses document locations.
Mount Vesuvius Eruption (03:08)
Pliny the younger documented his uncle's death and the eruption in a letter to Tacitus. The original letter ceased to exist and multiple copies led to mistakes. Historians try to discern the correct date.
Pompeii: Archeology (04:52)
In 62 AD, an earthquake struck Pompeii. A third of the city remains buried under volcanic remains. A French team studied funeral rites and Gestural Archeology at the Porta Nocera Necropolis.
Gestural Archeology (05:22)
Veronia Clara erected a funeral monument for Caius Varonius Rufus; archeologists found two individuals co-inhabiting a grave. The established social order is respected in the front, but the lovers fulfilled their desires in secret. Learn about other world events that occurred around the time of Mount Vesuvius' eruption.
Credits: August 24, 79 AD: The Destruction of Pompeii (00:23)
Credits: August 24, 79 AD: The Destruction of Pompeii
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