Iraq Invades Kuwait (05:00)
On August 2, 1990, Iraqi soldiers crossed the border in Kuwait, heading for Kuwait City. The Kuwaiti military responded to air and naval assaults. The royal family fled the palace as Iraqi forces were given orders to capture them.
Kuwait Calls for Help (06:13)
The Kuwaiti government reached out to Arab nations and the United States for assistance. Kuwaiti citizens were surprised and confused at the sudden invasion. The royal family fled to Saudi Arabia and began mobilizing a resistance.
World Responses to Invasion (04:12)
Iraq had control of 20% of the world's oil, which made prices soar throughout the world. Many Arab leaders were in Cairo for an Islamic conference and met to discuss the situation. The Gulf States demanded Iraqi forces to withdraw from Kuwait.
Iraq Controls Kuwait (08:16)
Kuwaiti forces were pushed into Saudi Arabia and Iraq took control of the country. The United Nations Security Council called for Iraq to withdraw and for the Kuwaiti government to be restored. The Arab League met in Cairo and to hear Iraq's reason for the invasion.
Diplomatic Response to Iraq (05:19)
The Arab League was slow to condemn Iraq's actions for fear of forcing international intervention. The leaders of Egypt and Jordan urged Iraq to withdraw troops from Kuwait. Following Egypt's declaration, the Arab League condemned Iraq's actions.
World Powers Get Involved (03:40)
Iraqi forces began moving weapons into Kuwait that could reach Saudi Arabia. The Saudis discussed having American troops land in the country. The United States and the Soviet Union jointly called for Iraq's withdraw from Kuwait.
Finding an Arab Solution (03:45)
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak wanted to find a solution without international intervention. Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat wanted to offer Hussein as a way out of the conflict. Iraq lied about removing troops from Kuwait, which angered the American government.
Finding an International Solution (07:03)
The Arab League was beginning to realize an Arab solution might not be possible. To offer assistance, the Americans needed the Saudis to agree to troops landing there before an Iraq invasion.
U.N. Imposes Sanctions (05:48)
Hussein met with American diplomats in Iraq about agreeing to his takeover of Kuwait in exchange for decreased oil prices. The Americans rejected the deal and the United Nations imposed sanctions against Iraq. An international military force was preparing to fight the Iraqis.
Credits: Battle for the Gulf - A Dark & Frightening Picture (00:42)
Credits: Battle for the Gulf - A Dark & Frightening Picture
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