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Arab Leaders Meet (09:48)

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The day Iraq invaded, thousands of Kuwaitis began fleeing to the border with Saudi Arabia. On August 9, 1990, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak called an urgent meeting of the Arab League, which the leaders of Kuwait were able to attend.

Arab Leaders Vote (04:17)

After two days of heated discussion, the Arab summit voted on how to handle the situation in Kuwait. It was narrowly decided that Arab troops would support Saudi and American forces against the Iraqis.

Iraq Responds to Decision (04:06)

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein declared he would not withdraw from Kuwait until other occupied territories in the region were unoccupied, including Israel from Palestinian lands. Palestinian leaders supported Iraq's decision. The leaders of Jordan continued to work for an Arab solution.

Refugees Flee Kuwait (03:19)

Thousands of refugees fled in Jordan. Refugee camps were sent up along roads through the desert.

Saudis Prepare for Battle (04:32)

Saudi forces were rushed to the border with Kuwait, fearing an attack from Iraqi forces. Joint coalition forces began arriving in Saudi Arabia and carried out Operation Desert Shield.

Coalition Puts Pressure on Iraq (05:11)

American officials carried out a diplomatic strategy to cut off Hussein's finances. Some at the United Nations still believe Hussein would withdraw without military action from the coalition forces. Many in the Arab world supported Hussein's actions in Kuwait.

The Coalition Expands (07:17)

Iraq asked for help from the Soviet Union. The Americans and the Saudis convinced the Soviets to join the coalition and pressure Iraq to leave Kuwait. Syria was opposed to an Arab nation occupying another Arab nation and joined the coalition as well.

Joint Coalition Concerns (04:23)

By October, more than 250,000 soldiers from 25 countries were stationed in Saudi Arabia. The Saudis worried for the safety of their nation and foreign powers worried for the safety of their soldiers. American soldiers were briefed on Muslim cultural practices.

UN Votes for Force (06:10)

Yemen supported Iraq, which caused the Saudis to force all Yemenis out of the country and the United States to threaten sanctions. In November, the United Nations Security Council voted to use force to expel Iraqi troops from Kuwait.

Credits: Battle for the Gulf - Wrong on All Points (00:38)

Credits: Battle for the Gulf - Wrong on All Points

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Battle for the Gulf - Wrong on All Points

Part of the Series : Battle for the Gulf
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Description

Republican Guard tanks sealed off Kuwait City while Iraqi Special Forces seized government buildings. The advancing Iraqis met little resistance. Hussein thought any reprisals would be limited and would tail off with time. In the words of President Hafez Assad of Syria at a conference of Arab leaders at the time, “Kuwait has been occupied by Iraqi forces, who has the military might to expel them? Let him come forward and take command. Do not even mention foreign forces. Please come forward and tell us now”. There was silence by all Arab leaders. Hussein thought that America’s defeat in Vietnam had badly damaged its willingness to use military power. He also assumed that King Fahd would never allow U.S. troops into Saudi Arabia and that the Soviet Union would never allow the use of force against Iraq as it was geographically very close to Iraq. He also thought that Kuwaitis were not internationally well liked and nobody would come to their aid. He was wrong on all these points. Instead of being an effort by the United States and the United Kingdom to eject Iraq from Kuwait, it was an effort by the entire international community.

Length: 50 minutes

Item#: BVL166358

ISBN: 978-1-64481-365-2

Copyright date: ©2001

Closed Captioned

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