Segments in this Video

Withdraw Deadline Approaches (04:02)


January 17, 1991 was set as the deadline for Saddam Hussein to withdraw Iraqi troops from Kuwait. Hussein believed his one million soldiers could beat the coalition forces from 23 countries. The Saudi and American leaders ordered operations to being.

Air War Begins (04:43)

Coalition forces began bombing Baghdad in the early morning on January 17th. After the first day, Iraqi soldiers thought they had already lost, but Hussein gave an encouraging speech stating that he wanted to continue the war. His speech gave hope to Arab nationalists throughout the region and painted the United States as the aggressor.

Coalition Attacks Iraqi Air Force (05:07)

The coalition's high-tech equipment overwhelmed the Iraqi defenses. The coalition targeted the Iraqi Air Force believing it would be the country's greatest weapon. Hussein moved the remaining planes into Iran.

Risk of WMDs (04:07)

Baghdad was heavily damaged by the coalition bombing and Hussein provided little support to citizens. Hussein expressed concerns about coalition forces using an atomic bomb. Saudi Arabia feared Iraqi missiles carrying chemical weapons could reach the country.

Iraq Attacks Israel (06:35)

Hussein said the war was against Christians and Zionists and he wanted to free Palestine from Israeli occupation. Iraq launched missiles into Israel. The Americans and Saudis worried that if Israel retaliated it would break the coalition's alliance.

Iraq Begins Ground War (07:28)

After it was clear Israel would not retaliate, Hussein began a ground attack against the coalition forces. The Iraqi troops moved into the town of Khafji just within the borders of Saudi Arabia, which greatly angered the Saudis. Despite tensions between the American and Saudi forces, they managed to destroy the Iraqis and launch a counterattack.

Battle of Khafji (03:40)

Saudi and Qatari forces attacked Khafji and saved a group of captured American Marines. Coalition forces pushed the Iraqis out of the town and back across the border into Iraq.

Propaganda Attacks (01:52)

Coalition forces broadcast messages into Iraq, calling for peace. Special Forces dropped leaflets depicting the violence soldiers would face. Massive numbers of soldiers began surrendering to coalition forces.

Attacks on Hussein (01:44)

Coalition forces bombed Hussein’s places of work. He moved into a civilian area, which coalition forces said they would not bomb. He remained out of sight and used body and voice doubles for public appearances.

Soviets Get Involved (02:26)

After American forces mistakenly bombed a civilian shelter, the Soviet Union urged the Iraqis to avoid a ground war. Soviet and Iraqi officials met to discuss a peaceful solution.

Coalition Prepares for Ground Attack (08:09)

Coalition forces set a date for the ground war and began moving troops to attack Iraq. Iraqi and Soviet officials met again and the Iraqis agreed to withdraw from Kuwait. The coalition found the conditions in the agreement unacceptable.

Credits: Battle for the Gulf - A Different King of War (00:06)

Credits: Battle for the Gulf - A Different King of War

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Battle for the Gulf - A Different Kind of War

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It was a new benchmark in the history of warfare, the first time the world had seen precision bombing on a vast scale. With air superiority established over the Iraqis, the coalition air planners were now confident enough to launch conventional aircraft on massive daylight raids. When Saddam Hussein met with his ministers after the first night’s bombing, he had already ordered action he believed would shatter the coalition of Western and Arab countries attacking Iraq. Scud missile launchers hidden in the desert fired at Israel. At the Pentagon, the defense secretary picked up the hotline to Tel Aviv. Israeli retaliation seemed inevitable. Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir and George H.W. Bush disliked each other and when Bush telephoned him, Shamir angrily told the president that if America couldn’t stop the Scuds, the Israeli Air Force would. On February 21st, 48 hours before the ground attack was due, Iraq’s foreign minister, Tariq Aziz, arrived in Moscow. Hussein’s admission that he was willing to withdraw from Kuwait had led to some frantic Soviet diplomacy to save their old ally from defeat. Aziz went straight to the Kremlin. Aziz told Mikhail Gorbachev Hussein would not accept the UN resolutions that called for Iraq to recognize Kuwait’s independence and pay it compensation. But, he said, Iraq would withdraw from Kuwait. Gorbachev thought this was good enough. He called the White House. Bush’s carefully crafted international coalition was fragmenting. The French president, Francois Mitterrand, called to demand more time for diplomacy. Within a month of the air war, the ground war by the Allies began to force Iraqi troops out of Kuwait. It was a very short and comprehensive victory.

Length: 51 minutes

Item#: BVL166360

ISBN: 978-1-64481-367-6

Copyright date: ©2001

Closed Captioned

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