Civil Rights Legislation (03:49)
Southern states passed codes that restricted newly emancipated black's economic growth, including high licensing fees and grandfather clauses. After the Ku Klux Klan terrorized neighborhoods, African Americans migrated north, triggering latent hostilities and prejudice.
Greenwood Race Riot (04:33)
Racist legislation gave whites an economic advantage. Blacks operated their own banks, schools, hospitals, and businesses. Clarence Fields and Henry Whitlow survived; blacks did not receive loans to rebuild their community.
Economic Racism (03:36)
Clint Bolick wrote "Unfinished Business: A Civil Rights Strategy." Governments at all levels started violating the 14th Amendment as soon as it was passed. The Institute for Justice represented a hair-braiding salon against the Board of Cosmetology for excessive license requirements.
Shoeshine Suit (05:06)
Ego Brown trained the homeless to shine shoes. The District of Columbia shut down the business, citing a 1905 Jim Crow law. Bolick explored barriers that prevent people from controlling their destinies in "Unfinished Business: A Civil Rights Strategy."
Slaughterhouse Decision (02:31)
The Supreme Court ruled that the 14th Amendment does not protect economic liberty. The Slaughterhouse Case made Plessy vs. Ferguson possible.
Test Cases (04:02)
The Institute for Justice looks for cases of outrageous economic regulations. In New York City, it costs $150,000 to purchase a license to drive a taxi. People believe the Civil Rights Movement is divisive and want entitlements and redistribution.
Societal Gains (02:47)
Society needs to rediscover the common ground between the Civil Rights Movement and conservative white Americans. The 14th Amendment should protect citizens against government excesses. Other strategies include tenant management and parental choice in education.
Credits: A Stacked Deck (00:39)
Credits: A Stacked Deck
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