Oral History (04:47)
Northern manufacturers had as big a stake in slavery as southern cotton growers. The dollar value of slaves was greater than railroads, banks, and factories combined. Anne Bailey wrote "African Voices of the Atlantic Slave Trade: Beyond the Silence and the Shame" after collecting stories from Africans about the slave trade.
Role of Africans in Selling Slaves (03:20)
Europeans controlled five out of the six legs of the Atlantic slave trade. Africans generated the supply had no other economic opportunities. America and other countries had embarked on the first phase of globalization.
Payment to Africans (05:10)
Europeans gave Africans cowry, guns, gunpowder, consumer items, and silk in exchange for slaves. Families were broken up in Africa. 50 to 60 slave forts lined the coastal region of Ghana; traders kept slaves up to six months before loading them onto ships.
Danish, Portuguese, and British ships arrived on the Atlantic coast of Africa during the Golden Age of Exploration. Merchants traded gold, pepper, and domestic servants originally. In "Many Thousands Gone," Ira Berlin examined if there was a different way to construct America.
Racism in America (03:09)
Racism erupted in the U.S. after there was a need to rationalize the business of slavery. European universities developed racist thought hundreds of years before the Atlantic Slave Trade.
Slavery and the North (04:18)
Massachusetts was the first state to legalize slavery. North American ships came to Africa from New York, Boston, and Rhode Island. In a relatively short time there was emancipation on a physical level.
Credits: Slavery America's Main Historical Event (00:20)
Credits: Slavery America's Main Historical Event
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