Anne Frank's Diary (02:45)
Otto Frank writes to his mother that Russian soldiers saved him on February 23, 1945. The diary helps him believe that Anne's life was not wasted. A Neo-Nazi is shocked that Frank would publish the diary. (Credits)
Diary Entry: May 8, 1944 (04:05)
Otto believes one must be honest and loyal to the fatherland. During World War I, he is conscripted into the army and becomes a reserve officer. When the war ends, he returns the horse he procured from a farmer.
Frank Family (02:46)
Otto marries Edith when he is 36. For him, the relationship is based on mutual respect rather than love. His children include Margot and Anne.
Hitler Becomes Chancellor (03:04)
Hitler asks the German people for four years to fix the country. Otto and the family depart Germany in 1933; Erich Elias arranges for Otto to become the Opekta agent in Holland.
Targeting Jews (02:23)
Anne receives bookmarks, books, and brooches for her birthday. The Germans occupy Amsterdam after May 1940 and trouble begins for Jews in the city. Jo Kleiman recommends the Franks hide in the office building.
Hiding from Nazis (03:33)
See footage of where the Franks and the Van Pels hid. Otto describes it as a happy time. Fighting increases around the office building.
Death Camps (03:03)
Eva Geiringer believes Anne could have been happy at the transit camp. The British radio discusses gassings and death trains. Otto discusses the last time he saw Anne, Margot, and Edith at Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Nazis determine that Otto will face a firing squad immediately before receiving the order to leave Auschwitz-Birkenau. Geiringer describes reuniting with Otto; he hopes to see his wife and children again.
Return to Amsterdam (04:59)
Auschwitz-Birkenau survivors travel east by train. Rootje de Winter informs Otto of his wife's death. Miep Gies offers Otto a place to live; Otto returns to work and learns that his daughters died at Bergen-Belsen.
Otto's Realization (07:03)
Jacqueline van Maarsen recalls Otto wanting to hear about her friendship with Anne. Gies finds the diary. After reading its contents, Otto realizes Anne had secrets. Otto debates whether to publish something so personal.
Diary Omissions (03:34)
Otto removes portions of the diary for the manuscript, including Anne discussing her sexuality. The English translation includes a few additional pages left out of the Dutch version. Otto removes Anne's criticism of her mother.
First Publication (03:52)
Otto pays to have the diary published and sends many copies to individuals he thinks will promote it. Fritzi and Otto marry; they understand each other's grief. The family relocates to Switzerland.
First Play Based on the Diary (03:59)
Different publishers produce French, English, and German editions of Anne's diary. Meyer Levin contacts Otto about the possibility of writing a play or movie. The New York Times writes a review on the front page.
Second Play Based on the Diary (06:34)
Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett write a play based on "The Diary of Anne Frank." Otto finds some of the events in the play factually incorrect and painful. Levin is furious and sues for plagiarism.
Recognizing the Holocaust (03:02)
Gerti Elias describes the reaction of German people watching the play. No one discusses the Holocaust after the war. People begin to pay homage to those who perished in concentration camps due to the popularity of the book and movie.
Public Criticism (05:10)
Lothar Schmidt writes hate mail to Otto. Many criticize Otto for making money off the publication of "Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl." Otto asserts the money is not his, it belongs to Anne; he and his wife live frugally. Otto creates a foundation.
Letters from Young People (04:07)
Erika Prins shows the letters Otto received about the book. Geiringer discusses how Otto and Fritzi dissected each letter and respond to them.
Anne and Margot Frank (03:16)
Otto regularly talks about Anne; he feels guilty he never speaks of Margot. Anne represents all girls who hid to escape Nazi capture. Otto does not want anyone else to write about the experience; Gies and Geiringer publish after his death.
Otto Frank's Later Years (05:55)
Sylvia Schloss discusses her memories of "Opa." Otto has nightmares and shivers uncontrollably toward the end of his life. Friends and family explain how the diary gave Otto a sense of purpose.
Credits: Otto Frank, Father of Anne (00:45)
Credits: Otto Frank, Father of Anne
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