White Supremacy in America (05:30)
Scottish archaeologist and historian Neil Oliver travels to the southern United States to explore connections between white supremacy and Scottish heritage. He begins in Greenville, South Carolina.
Scottish Immigration to America (04:07)
Most Scottish immigrants went to America for economic reasons. Farmland around the Appalachian Mountains was cheaper and had a longer growing season than in Scotland. Scots were also recruited by English settlers to defend settlements from Native Americans and French settlers.
Scottish Farmers and Cotton (05:17)
Scottish settlers migrated south and west from the Appalachian, and found success growing cotton. As cotton grew more profitable, many Scottish-Americans used slave labor to meet demands. One of the largest slave owners in South Carolina was a Scottish-American.
Scottish Literature and the American South (01:41)
Mark Twain believed southern plantation owners were emulating the fictionalized Scotland of Sir Walter Scott's novels. The sense of entitlement and privilege was passed down for generations.
American Civil War (02:40)
The war began in 1861 when southern states with cotton and slave-based economies seceded. Civil War reenactments and living history displays are popular throughout the American south. When the war ended, slavery was abolished and most of the south's infrastructure was destroyed.
Founding the KKK (07:59)
A group of former Confederate officers returned home to Pulaski, Tennessee and created a secret fraternal society they called the Ku Klux Klan. It began as a costume and theatrical club until Frank McCord decided to turn it toward racial violence.
Spreading the KKK (04:13)
The KKK published a constitution and began a well-organized army focused on racial violence. The Klan grew in popularity with the help of McCord's brother, who ran the local newspaper. Other groups formed throughout the south and racial violence continued.
Rebirth of the KKK (06:58)
The KKK experienced resurgence in 1905 with the publication of Thomas Dixon's "The Clansman." It was turned into a play and a silent film, which sparked riots throughout the south. Dixon wrote much of his Scot-Irish heritage into the book.
Second KKK (06:17)
In 1915, Methodist preacher William Joseph Simmons declared himself grand wizard and restarted the KKK. It was more violent and focused on obtaining political power in the south. The Klan's membership peaked in 1925.
Jim Crow Era (03:25)
When the KKK's power faded, Jim Crow laws were used to discriminate against African-Americans in the south. As the Civil Rights Movement fought for equal rights in the 1960s, membership in the KKK rose.
Hate Groups in America (09:53)
Hate groups have been on the rise for the last 50 years. Oliver meets with the president of the League of the South, a recognized KKK group.
Credits: Who Put the Klan into Ku Klux Klan? (00:37)
Credits: Who Put the Klan into Ku Klux Klan?
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