Religious Artwork (06:07)
Religion has been a main source of artwork for thousands of years; oil and canvas are common materials. Restoration for oil paintings occurs in detailed stages. Private restoration workshops give restorers more flexibility in the methods used than working in museums.
Wood Restoration (02:25)
Wood is a common material for religious sculptures. The Spanish Cultural Heritage Institute assess each piece it receives to determine condition and best method for treatment. Items meant for worship can be added to and irreversible changes can occur.
Stone Restoration (03:26)
Stone is another common material for sculpting. Sculptures are cleaned and experts conduct a reintegration process with synthetic resin.
Gold Restoration (03:44)
Gold is a common material in religious texts from the Middle Ages. Parchment is a durable material but sensitive to environmental changes. Seals from religious and important documents have historical value and are often restored.
Book Restoration (07:01)
The Spanish Cultural Heritage Institute has a books and manuscripts department that handles numerous heavily damaged books. The goal is to restore as much of the items as possible. Experts test the paper to determine qualities for restoration.
Glass Restoration (03:12)
Glass objects have been popular since the Roman Era. Experts use synthetic resin to restore cracks. The resin remains a different color so it can be clearly seen as an addition to the work.
Clay Restoration (05:09)
Many archaeological museums have clay objects that vary by culture and area. Some ceramic containers are found in pieces and must be recreated before restoration can begin. Pieces arriving from archaeological digs must be cleaned to remove organic matter.
Unknown Restoration (04:18)
Expeditions in the 18th century gathered items that were unfamiliar to museum curators and collectors. Some pieces are restored without knowing their true origin or purpose. The National Archaeological Museum in Madrid restores globes made during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Metal Restoration (05:34)
Some early cultures, such as the Quimbaya in South America, mastered metallurgy to make statues look like solid gold. Bronze was a popular material in Europe, but is subject to mineralization and disintegration. Iron rusts easily and is difficult to restore.
Delicate Material Restoration (08:37)
The intricate nature of feather artwork, especially headdresses, can be difficult to understand and restore. Some items in museums are so delicate that human touch can destroy them. Most ancient mosaic have large sections missing.
Credits: Trails and Sparkles - The Art of Preserving Art (00:52)
Credits: Trails and Sparkles - The Art of Preserving Art
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