Karl Marx (03:20)
Marx's ideas have remained in public concessions 200 years after his birth. In the age of globalization, critiques of capitalism and discussions of social inequity have increased. Attempts to implement his philosophy have largely failed.
Marx's Early Life (03:03)
The Industrial Revolution drastically changed people's lives and created terrible working conditions in new factories. As a young philosopher in Berlin, Marx believed industrialization created a new economic and class system. He predicted the proletariat would rise up and free itself from capitalism.
First Marxist Revolution (03:50)
The Russian Revolution was the first Marxist revolution. The Czarist system could not support the movement of civilians during World War I and the anti-war movement fueled by the Bolshevik Party. Lenin believed the German proletariat would use Russia as an example.
Marx's Early Ideas (03:10)
Marx worked as a journalist for an oppositional newspaper and wrote about the struggles of the working class. The idea of Marx as a savior of mankind stemmed from bad propaganda of later revolutions in his name.
Chinese Socialism (06:51)
Though a socialist state was created in China under Mao Zedong, capitalism developed within the society. Socialism in developing countries frequently depleted resources from the working class to create a strong industrialized, military state.
Honoring Marx (02:10)
The Chinese government is gifting a sculpture of Marx to his hometown of Trier, Germany. Residents are unsure if the town should accept it.
Marx in Paris (04:05)
In 1843, Marx moved to a hub for freethinkers at the time and befriended Friedrich Engels. Marx first wrote about class struggle and the liberation of the proletariat while in Paris.
The revisionist trend developed within European Communist Parties during the Cold War. It was meant to be a type of socialism, separate from Soviet ideology. Former East Germany struggles with the history of Marx and Communism.
Communist Manifesto (06:06)
In 1845, Marx and Engels traveled to Brussels to establish the groundwork for a proletariat party. They published the manifesto in 1848. The Cuban revolution and the 1968 student movements in Germany used the Manifesto as the basis of their ideas.
Marx in London (05:11)
Marx was expelled from Belgium in 1849 and put on trial in Germany for agitating rebellion. He moved to London and wrote "Capital," which covered materialist philosophy, economics, and politics.
Liberal Democracy (07:27)
In many countries, politics are democratized but economics remain hierarchical and feudal under capitalism. In the modern age, value and production has socialized in a way Marx could have never imagined.
Credits: The Marxists (00:38)
Credits: The Marxists
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