American Women after WWII (05:19)
Most middle-class women lived comfortable lives, but Betty Friedan's survey revealed women were frustrated with the role of housewife. "The Feminine Mystique" helped spark the modern Women's Movement; more women earned college degrees and joined the workforce.
Moynihan Report (08:04)
In the 1960s, Americans faced social, cultural, and economic problems. Daniel Patrick Moynihan determined family structure was at the heart of African American society's deterioration; his report was severely criticized.
Family and Education (03:21)
James Coleman's report studied the effects of school segregation and determined that family was the most important indicator of school performance. Out-of-wedlock birth rates significantly increased from 1965 to 1999; teenage birth rates declined. Some saw the Moynihan report as a form of social forecasting.
"The Great Disruption" (01:59)
An expansive sense of individual entitlement and absence of responsibility lead to increased divorce rates, cohabiting couples, drug use, and crime.
Urban Landscape (05:36)
Decay intensified and many people fled inner-cities. James Q. Wilson studied crime rates and punishment; he and George Kelling developed the Broken Windows theory.
Airline Industry (04:39)
Rising unemployment, weak economic growth, and inflation created stagflation. In 1978, Congress passed the Airline Deregulation Act, increasing competition and air travel. Deregulation occurred in several other sectors, spurring economic growth and efficiency.
Inflation and Economic Growth (05:01)
The value of the dollar declined and class division increased; Alfred Kahn became the "inflation czar." Paul Volcker placed emphasis on growing the money supply and interest rates escalated. The Dow Jones Industrial Average significantly increased.
Muncie, Indiana (07:12)
Veteran sociologists created a new Middletown study and found changes in leading employers, family structure, housework, family time, and religion.
U.S. Census (04:18)
Democratic accountability depends on a high quality statistical system. Census 2000 became a keystone document; redistribution receded from politics.
U.S. Immigration (06:45)
The 1965 Immigration Act resulted in greater population diversity. Polls revealed attitudes about ethnic groups. In 1999, most Americans believed the U.S. was unique and stood for something special.
Credits: The First Measured Century: 1960-2000 (02:12)
Credits: The First Measured Century: 1960-2000
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