Emancipation of India (02:15)
Imagine if Gandhi was assassinated before India's gained independence. Key moments in life of Mahatma Gandhi are being kicked off a train, protestors attacking him, and marching across India. (Credits)
History of India (03:28)
The British East India Company mutinies; the government executes the rebel leaders by shooting them out of a canon. Learn about the Ashoka, Gupta, and Mughal Empires as well as the caste system. The British create the East India Company to compete with the Portuguese; Indian princes grant the company vast privileges after the empire collapses.
Memory of Humanity (03:11)
During the height of the British Empire, it has colonies established on every continent and is based on extreme inequalities. Gandhi is kicked off a train after sitting in a first class compartment. The activist launches a campaign to oppose a bill denying Indian voter rights.
Returning to South Africa (04:12)
When Gandhi and his family arrive in Durban, the ship is quarantined; European families are allowed to leave. The wife of the police superintendent helps him flee a mob of white settlers. If Gandhi had been assassinated then, the tensions between Indians and British colonialists would have spiraled into violence. John Ruskin critiques the economic system in a book; Gandhi begins fasting regularly and modifies his lifestyle.
Burning Registration Papers (03:11)
The government decrees that Indians must present forms of identification at all times. Gandhi returns to India the following year after enduring incarceration and beatings. Bobby Sands dies after a hunger strike of 66 days.
Activism in India (02:58)
Gandhi establishes an ashram and organizes a national strike. General Reginald Dyer orders his men to shoot on unarmed men, women, and children. The activist creates a boycott of British schools, courts, and products and marches across the country to the sea to collect his own salt.
Quit India Movement (01:58)
Churchill declares all the members of congress are arrested. After he loses the subsequent election, the working party takes power which supports India's independence. Gandhi tries to end conflicts between Hindu and Muslim society.
India's Independence (03:56)
Muhammad Ali Jinnah advocates dividing the country into India and Pakistan. Riots erupt across the nation and Muslims and Hindus kill each other. India becomes independent on August 15th, 1947; Gandhi promotes non-violence and is shot three times by a nationalist.
Credits: Gandhi and Decolonization (00:47)
Credits: Gandhi and Decolonization
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