Introduction: American History's Biggest Fibs: The American Revolution (02:40)
History is presented as a set of facts, but in reality, it is deliberately manipulated to establish a truth. This episode will examine the War of Independence. (Credits)
America's National Identity (02:46)
John Adams thought July 2nd would be the largest American holiday in history. The Declaration of Independence's wording was not finalized until two days later. Britain had 13 colonies along the coast.
Boston Tea Party (04:04)
Disgruntled American colonists dressed up as Native Americans and tossed cargo into the harbor. Benjamin Franklin and George Washington thought destroying private property would damage the colonist's cause. Much of the violence surrounding the event has been forgotten.
Lexington and Concord (05:02)
As a result of the Boston Tea Party, the city's port was closed and political meetings were cancelled. The British government ordered troops to seize weapons and ammunition stockpiled in towns. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow created a mythology about the midnight ride of Paul Revere.
David Vs. Goliath (04:28)
American revolutionaries were depicted as ordinary farmers and colonists. Under General George Washington's leadership, the Continental Army began recruiting and training professional soldiers. Leaders did not want an oligarchy or tyrannical rule.
All Men Were Created Equal (05:20)
The Declaration of Independence became a sacred text. Discarded drafts condemned King George III for the slave trade. Founding Fathers compromised on the document's wording.
Seeking Aid (04:02)
Revolutionaries turned to King Louis XVI for aid; the French navy cut off Great Britain's supply routes. In 1781, the British surrendered to Washington's army of American and French troops. Forces conquered Mexican and Native American territories.
Molly Pitcher (03:38)
The accounts of Pitcher taking up arms at the Battle of Monmouth contained discrepancies. Writers preferred a good story over facts.
Liberty Bell (04:41)
George Lippard wrote "Legends of the American Revolution," depicting the ringing of the Liberty Bell after the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Abraham Lincoln's corpse was brought to Philadelphia to lie in state next to the Liberty Bell.
Statue of Liberty (05:09)
The French gave America the Statue of Liberty to honor their alliance; Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi planned to donate a similar sculpture to Egypt. Women protested at the unveiling ceremony. "The New Colossus" created a different meaning for the statue.
Colonial Revival (06:21)
During the Jazz age, this form of architecture became popular. Washington lived in Philadelphia; over 300 slaves worked his plantation. Washington broke the law to maintain slaves after the Pennsylvania Gradual Abolition Act was passed.
Credits: American History's Biggest Fibs: The American Revolution (00:34)
Credits: American History's Biggest Fibs: The American Revolution
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