Segments in this Video

Islamic Identifiers (04:56)


Dubai Astronomy Group's Hasan Ahmad Al Hariri descends from Arabians whose use of the stars to navigate led to constellation creations. He explains how Vega, Deneb, and Altair form the Summer Triangle, and also part of Lyra, Cygnus, and Aquila.

Astronomy Motivated by Faith (06:19)

Mesopotamians, Greeks, and Egyptians developed astronomy; the Islamic Dynasty adopted the science during the 17th century. Religion was the primary driver for its progress; prayer times and directions were determined by the sun, and Ramadan signaled by moon phases.

"Book of Fixed Stars" (04:38)

The book compiled by Islamic Astronomer Azophi contains the oldest constellations drawings; it features a corresponding catalog, listing star details. One constellation depicts a cluster, now known to be the Andromeda galaxy.

Astronomy Tools and Applications (10:11)

Astrolabes were invented in Greece and improved upon by the Islamic world in the eighth century. A Persian piece in Oxford University's collection was the first geared mechanism. Medieval Muslims used astronomy to make astrological predictions.

Ulugh Beg (08:39)

A Timurid sultan built the world's then largest astronomical observation device in Samarkand 600 years ago. It was used to make a solar calendar that is only 29 seconds off from modern calculations.

Nicolaus Copernicus (09:18)

Copernicus revolutionized European science, developing heliocentrism. Research reveals his theories were impacted by Middle Eastern scientists, Tusi and Ibn al-Shatir. Moses Galeano's autobiography suggests they shared Islamic astronomy at Padova University.

Modern Revival (02:26)

In Dubai, Islamic scientists aspire to renew leadership in astronomical progress. At Mohammed bin Rashid Space Center, new satellites are launched, and plans to reach Mars in 2020 are underway. Hear an episode summary.

Credits: Unknown Islamic Astronomy - The Roots of Modern Science (00:54)

Credits: Unknown Islamic Astronomy - The Roots of Modern Science

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Unknown Islamic Astronomy - The Roots of Modern Science

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One of astronomy’s most revolutionary discoveries is the heliocentric theory, which stated the sun was at the center of the universe. But it has been recently found that this hypothesis by Nicolaus Copernicus was greatly influenced by Islamic astronomy. In fact, many names of the stars are Arabic. Further developing the science from Ancient Greece, Islamic scientists accurately measured the positions of the sun and stars to determine the direction of the holy city of Mecca. With their high expertise, they succeeded to observe the Andromeda galaxy for the first time in the world, and eventually established their own astronomy, which rose to prominence in the 9th to 15th centuries. This program looks at the contributions of the sophisticated yet little known Islamic astronomy and charts its journey to Europe.

Length: 50 minutes

Item#: BVL188315

ISBN: 978-1-64623-577-3

Copyright date: ©2017

Closed Captioned

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