Introduction: Stories of Japanese-American Incarceration (02:01)
Review part one of "Silent Sacrifice." (Production Funding Credits)
"Japanese Relocation" (04:57)
The Pinedale Assembly Center houses 4,700 detainees; Kiyo Sato recalls her father hiding items. The Merced Assembly Center houses 4,669 detainees guarded by 160 soldiers. Sherman Kishi recalls ways he passed the time.
Japanese Internment (05:49)
By the summer of 1942, assembly camps are full. Mine Matsumoto-Ikeda is unable to attend graduation. Clovis, CA residents are unhappy about Japanese relocation. Tulare Assembly Center detainees are sent to Gila River, AZ; Tulare becomes a Nazi P.O.W. camp.
Permanent Relocation Centers (03:57)
The War Relocation Authority completes facility construction and moves internees out of assembly camps. Kerry Yo Nakagawa recalls his mother telling him about the train ride to Arkansas. By December 1942, nearly 120,000 people are imprisoned in 10 camps.
Manzanar National Historic Site (03:02)
During WWII, two-thirds of the people confined in relocation centers are American citizens. Manzanar is the first site included in the national park system; it will soon contain reconstructed barracks.
Adapting to Internment Camps (04:26)
Sports become a coping mechanism for many internees. The War Relocation Authority tests loyalty with a questionnaire; some "No-No Boys" are sent to Tulelake, CA. Robert Shintaku discusses his father Masato’s behavior.
Go For Broke (02:52)
Many of those interned in relocation camps face significant losses. In 1943, the U.S. government lifts the ban on Japanese Americans serving in the Armed Forces. The 442nd Infantry Regimental Combat Team becomes the most decorated unit.
Sharing Pain and Indignities (05:43)
Marion Masada recalls hearing "Don't Fence Me in" and abuses at the internment camp; many Japanese Americans remain silent for decades. Nakagawa discusses the death of his grandmother and the treatment of her remains.
Atomic Bombs (02:58)
In May 1945, Germany surrenders to the Allies. Japan remains defiant and America releases nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing 130,000people; Nakagawa wonders at the choice of targets.
End of World War II (03:43)
Internment camps close and Japanese Americans return home to difficulties; Mel Kaji recalls his father scolding him for being angry. The nisei have children and new organizations form, but a culture of silence remains.
Unconstitutional Actions (05:25)
Fred Korematsu and others challenge Executive Order 9066. In 1988, President Reagan signs the Civil Liberties Act, lifting shame for many. Saburo Masada and Marion visit an internment museum in McGehee AR; Saburo finds an image from his father's funeral.
Relocation Center Memorials (08:52)
Saburo and Marion visit the site of the Jerome camp and the cemetery at the site of the Rohwer camp. Archival footage shows the closing of Jerome and the hospital smoke stack. See espionage statistics during WWII.
Credits: Stories of Japanese-American Incarceration—Part 2 (03:01)
Credits: Stories of Japanese-American Incarceration—Part 2
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