Bram Stoker publishes his novel in 1897; it has been adapted hundreds of times in various forms of media. Experts discuss the character of the living dead.
Symbolism and Transformation (03:55)
Blood gives vampires vitality; Dracula wants to dominate the world. Stoker's hero Jonathan Harker discovers the nature of Dracula; the absence of reflection is an integral part of the character. Vampires threaten beliefs about life after death.
Vampire Codes (03:44)
Harker makes notes about Dracula in his diary and learns ways to keep him at a distance. Vampire abilities and limitations follow a series of rules. Dracula leaves his estate for Whitby where he encounters Mina Murray and Lucy.
Story Perspective (04:55)
Stoker tells the story of Dracula through character diaries, press clippings, telegrams, and notes; it encompasses 3,000 years of mythology. The vampire myth has no single origin. In 1816, Mary Shelley and John William Polidori begin two great literary myths.
Stoker's Inspiration (03:45)
Stoker writes "Dracula" over a 10 year period; his sickly childhood and Jack the Ripper influence his work. Dracula embodies the British fear of decline and Stoker's novel is part of soldier kits during WWI; Stoker dies in 1912.
Dracula on Screen (03:18)
In 1922, F. W. Murnau adapts the novel and changes character names and location to avoid paying adaptation rights; Florence Stoker sues the director. Nosferatu embodies the animal metaphor; the scene of self-destruction invites pity.
New Dracula Image (04:44)
The Great Depression hits America and dictators rise to power in Europe. In 1931, Bela Lugosi portrays Dracula as a seducer. Stoker's book reveals frustrated sexuality; vampires embody desires for death and sex.
Cold War Era Films (07:43)
In 1957, Hammer Studios produces Dracula and Frankenstein in Technicolor. Christopher Lee increases the erotic dimension of Dracula. In Stoker's novel, representatives of morality and Dr. Van Helsing defeat the incarnation of perversion and sex.
Vampire Image Transformations (07:15)
Roman Polanski desacralizes the vampire myth in 1967; adaptations occur in every country. In 1976, Anne Rice transforms the vampire; Neil Jordan adapts "Interview With the Vampire" for film. The vampire evolves with society, inspiring youth in the 1980s.
"Bram Stoker's Dracula" (04:24)
The original Dracula returns to theaters in 1992 with Francis Ford Coppola's adaptation. Vampires help people understand the finite nature of life and cost of immortality.
Iconic Imagery (03:25)
The vampire image continues to evolve across various media outlets. In 2005, Stephanie Meyer publishes "Twilight"; Jeanne A. Debats believes Meyer betrayed the vampire. Vampires have no point without fear.
Credits: We are Legend - Dracula Never Dies (00:54)
Credits: We are Legend - Dracula Never Dies
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