Cradle of Jazz (05:04)
New Orleans is the birthplace of a musical style that represents a mixture of cultures. The military marching band influences New Orleans music and musicians begin exploring improvisation. Olu Dara demonstrates a pocket trumpet.
Kid Ory (06:30)
Jazz begins to emerge in the late-19th century; bands play in New Orleans' red light district. Trailblazers include Buddy Bolden, Joe "King" Oliver, and Ory. The New Orleans All Stars perform Ory's song "Muskrat Ramble." Jazz piano players learn from piano rolls.
Big Band Era (07:54)
The U.S. Navy closes Storyville in 1917. Many musicians move to Chicago and New York, ushering in the age of Swing. Louie Bellson, Duke Ellington's favorite drummer, performs "Tenor Time" with Don Menza, Scott Robinson, and others.
Introduction of Bebop (05:02)
Thelonious Monk, and Charlie Parker develop a complex style of playing that elevates the status of jazz; bop refers to tempo and harmonic progressions. Abram Wilson and Greg Osby demonstrate elements.
Mainstream Jazz (09:57)
The Newport Jazz Festival is the musical style's "natural home." George Wein, Clark Terry, and others perform Gillespie's "Birk's Works"; Terry is the first African American to play with the NBC Symphony Orchestra on "The Tonight Show."
Third Stream Jazz (06:08)
Third stream is a synthesis of jazz and classical music. Modern Jazz Quartet performs "Django"; MJQ originates in the 1950s. In the 1960s, MJQ signs with Apple Records.
Cool Jazz (04:30)
Miles Davis plays his first session in 1945 and is part of the new jazz movement. The music industry makes him a representative. Conducted by Quincy Jones, Davis and others perform "Boplicity"; he dies two months later.
Credits: Sounds of Jazz (00:40)
Credits: Sounds of Jazz
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