Soul Music (03:59)
The musical style incorporates characteristics from the black church and rhythm and blues: the term R&B replaces "race records." Ernestine Anderson begins her career with R&B bands. She performs "Secret Love."
Gospel Influence (04:29)
Great soul singers originate from the black church. Mighty Clouds of Joy forms in the late-1950s and earns the nickname the "Temptations of Gospel." The band performs "Somewhere Around God's Throne." Soul music is a return to black roots.
Ray Charles (06:29)
Charles marries gospel and R&B, and begins recording in the late-1940s. Many people believe "I've Got a Woman" marks the birth of soul. Charles performs "What'd I Say" and "Look What They've Done to My Song, Ma."
LaVern Baker (04:34)
"Soul on Fire" is Baker's first single with Atlantic Records. She performs "Play it Fair." Musicians reflect on Baker's impact.
Soul Music Parallels Civil Rights (05:39)
Gospel lyrics often reference the realities of life for black Americans; the political aspect carries into soul music. Aretha Franklin performs "Respect," Rev. Jesse Jackson recites "Amazing Grace," and Billy Preston performs "That's the Way God Planned It."
Soul Music Offers an Adult Voice (06:00)
By the mid-1960s, the term soul becomes a catchphrase for black culture. Nelson George compares R&B to soul. The Neville Brothers perform "Tell It Like It Is."
Davell Crawford (06:11)
Roy "Professor Longhair" Byrd records with Atlantic Records. Crawford performs Byrd's "Tipitina" and Randy Newman's "Louisiana, 1927." Experts reflect on the New Orleans soul sound.
Solomon Burke (07:25)
Many believe Burke has the finest soul voice. He signs with Atlantic Records in the 1960s. Burke performs "Fa-Fa-Fa-Fa-Fa (Sad Song)," "Stand By Me," "Sitting On the Dock of the Bay," and "In the Midnight Hour."
Credits: Soul Stirrings (00:39)
Credits: Soul Stirrings
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