Soul Music (02:47)
Soul emerges in the mid-1950s; Sam Cooke, Solomon Burke, and Ray Charles are among the first artists. Berry Gordy establishes Motown in 1959 and creates a roster of top artists.
Gladys Knight & the Pips (05:36)
The group joins Motown in 1966; the Pips retire in 1989. Knight performs "Neither One of Us (Wants to be the First to Say Goodbye)." Musicians reflect on the language of soul music.
Stax Records (07:18)
Musicians reflect on the label's sound and integrated bands. Booker T. & the MGs play with nearly every act at the studio; they perform "Green Onions." Al Jackson Jr. is murdered in 1975.
Isaac Hayes (08:47)
Hayes begins his career at Stax as a "session man" and partners with David Porter to write songs. He releases "Hot Buttered Soul" in 1969. Hayes performs "Theme from Shaft."
James Brown (03:17)
Other 1960s soul music artists include Aretha Franklin, Curtis Mayfield, and Brown; Brown invents funk. He performs "It's a Man's Man's Man's World." Brown dies in December 2006.
Al Green (05:48)
At the age of 13, Green's father kicks him out of the family gospel group. Between 1971 and 1974, Green sores seven top ten hits. He performs "Take Me to the River." Green struggles with fame.
Chaka Khan (05:52)
Funk and disco dominate the music scene in the 1970s and soul changes. The singer, born Yvette Marie Stevens, performs "Through the Fire."
Neo-Soul Music (05:34)
The trend of looking back at classic soul emerges in the mid-1990s. Leela James performs Sam Cooke’s "A Change Is Gonna Come." Musicians reflect on the meaning of soul.
Credits: Heart of Soul (00:42)
Credits: Heart of Soul
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