Segments in this Video

Tribes of the Emirates (04:06)


The United Arab Emirates is known for its modern supercities. Sheikhs lead over 40 tribes in the modern UAE. Well-known sheikhs hold the most powerful roles in government.

Bani Yas (05:15)

The ruling sheikhs of Dubai and Abu Dhabi are from the Bani Yas tribe, whose history dates back 500 years. They created a desert oasis by tapping groundwater in the city of Liwa. They founded Abu Dhabi and built the Qasr Al Hosn fort.

Qawasim (05:09)

The Qawasim tribe controlled the shorelines in the north and taxed travelers in the Strait of Hormuz. Their trade routes to East Africa and India placed them in conflict with the British Empire in the 1800s. In 1819, the Qawasim fought the British near the city of Ras Al Khaimah.

British Colonialism (03:05)

The British defeated the Qawasim and forced them to sign a treaty in 1820. They coerced other sheikhs into signing the treaty and the area became known as the Trucial States. The treaty established peace in the gulf, leading to a boom in the pearl trade.

Al Bu Falasah (04:06)

In 1833, a branch of the Bani Yas tribe left Abi Dhabi and settled alongside Dubai Creek. The tribe greatly expanded its maritime trade and declared independence from the Bani Yas. Dubai became the most profitable port in the region.

Church of the East (03:41)

Historians believed Christians came to the UAE in the 400s. Archeologists found the first physical evidence of early Christians on Sir Bani Yas Island. The remains of the church belonged to a sect of the Church of the East.

Sheikh Zayed I (02:52)

The Bani Yas leader was the first to envision uniting the tribes of the emirates. He became ruler in 1855, after defeating his main rival in single combat. After a pilgrimage to Mecca, Zayed brought the seven tribal leaders together but died before unification was possible.

Economic Changes (03:20)

The emirates plunged into poverty after the collapse of the pearl industry and World War II. Eight years of natural resource exploration led to the discovery of oil in 1958. About 95% of the emirates' oil was in Abu Dhabi's territory; it rapidly transformed the area.

Sheikh Zayed (06:38)

Zayed became the ruler in Abu Dhabi in 1966. He was determined to put the wealth from oil to good use after witnessing poverty in his childhood. The British pulled out of the gulf during Zayed's reign, sending the region into political unrest.

Emirates Unification (07:14)

Zayed used the withdrawal of the British to continue his grandfather Sheikh Zayed I's goal to unify the emirates. Six emirates agreed to become the United Arab Emirates on Dec. 2, 1971. Sheikh Zayed became the first president; the seventh emirate joined in 1972.

Credits: "Episode 3: Rise of the Supercities (History of The Emirates)" (00:31)

Credits: "Episode 3: Rise of the Supercities (History of The Emirates)"

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Episode 3: Rise of the Supercities (History of The Emirates)

Part of the Series : History of The Emirates
DVD (Chaptered) Price: $129.95
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We look at the key events and forces that in the last 500 years have led to the glitz and glamour of the United Arab Emirates that we see today. From the rise of the tribes that battled for control of the different emirates, to the colonial meddling of the British, the discovery of oil and the struggle to form a new nation.

Length: 47 minutes

Item#: BVL283881

Copyright date: ©2019

Closed Captioned

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