Civilians at War Introduction (01:41)
This segment orients viewers to Pathe's newsreel productions for BBC television in the 1950s.
British Public (00:52)
The civilian population was mobilized to bolster Britain's defenses; women entered the workplace in significant numbers.
1917 Society (03:13)
The mass mobilization of men created gaps in Britain's workforce. By 1917, feeding the nation became a priority. See clips of entertainment shows and circus elephants helping farmers.
Aerial War Engines (01:28)
German airships carried out 51 raids in WWI. A policeman holds unexploded incendiary bombs. A crowd gathers at an airship wreckage site; see the pilot responsible.
Aunt Mabels of Britain (02:55)
Women took on a diverse range of traditionally male occupations, allowing them to enjoy social and economic freedoms. British citizens celebrate the return of soldiers.
Putting the Country's Needs First (02:04)
Preparations for Britain's defense began before the declaration of war; factories supplied civilian gas masks and civilians dug trenches.
Warsaw: September 1, 1939 (01:40)
Germany invades Poland; children leave the cities en mass. Citizens carry gas masks; see a pram outfitted for a gas attack.
British Readiness (04:54)
In May 1940, the evacuation of the BEF in Dunkirk began. The government asked citizens to enlist in the Local Defense Volunteers; see coastline and local defense tactics.
Aerial Raids (03:45)
The bombing of British cities and towns was heaviest during the Blitz. Londoners take refuge in underground tunnels; see destroyed buildings and city streets.
Test of Endurance, 1941 (02:45)
London citizens attempt to maintain a semblance of normalcy despite threats and rationing. Winston Churchill arrives in a motorcade. See a cooking propaganda clip.
1945, Allies Overcome Axis Powers (01:31)
WWII nears the end; British citizens celebrate VE Day.
British Civilians (01:46)
During WWI and WWII, millions signed up to fight and millions more supported the war effort at home. Hear a radio address.
Credits: Civilians at War: Time to Remember (00:27)
Civilians at War: Time to Remember
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