Bosch: Painter of Hell (06:33)
Today, in the town of Hertogenbosch, the carnival spirit continues much as it did in the times of Hieronymus Bosch. Bosch's hell depicts in excruciating detail the punishments meted out to those who do not deserve their place in heaven.
Medieval Concept of Hell (04:02)
Born Jeroen van Aken in 1450, Bosch experiences a world of discoveries, change, and religious upheaval. Bosch's depiction of hell brings up all the nightmares of the medieval world.
Bosch Retrospective (02:51)
Four of Bosch's panels leave Venice for a Bosch retrospective in Rotterdam. The paintings travel in air-conditioned flight cases, first by boat and then by plane. They provide visitors and scholars with a close-up experience of the painter through his paintings.
Early Years of Bosch (03:41)
Carefully preserved documents from Hertogenbosch reveal little about Bosch himself. Yet, certain things can be deduced about his experiences from the contents of other archived documents from his day.
Iceland: A Boschian Landscape (01:58)
In the Iceland of ancient maps, the volcano Hekla figures as the gate of Hell. The volcano's eruption in 1104 is preserved in ancient writings and tales. Iceland is a land of belief in monsters, strange creatures, shape-shifters, and superstitions.
Paintings and Painting Technique of Bosch (04:14)
The triptych of "The Temptation of Saint Anthony" depicts monstrous temptations. Yet Anthony manages to resist every diabolical ruse through the strength of his faith. Bosch's textured finishes reveal the spirit and expressions of his figures.
Christian Values in the 15th Century (03:34)
Unlike today, Bosch's time is dominated by religion. Life for nearly everyone is miserable in the 15th and 16th centuries, and they long for a better life-a life of deliverance. Artistic works give them keys to the salvation they so desperately need.
Bosch's "Ecce Homo" (03:29)
In the 15th century, the Brotherhood sold indulgences to the poor who are promised less time in Purgatory and a "guarantee" of a rapid journey to heaven. Bosch's "Ecce Homo" is altered and may include the work of Bosch's assistants.
Bosch: Medieval and Modern (04:20)
The Brotherhood of Our Lady still exists in Hertogenbosch. For Bosch, this powerful network played a decisive role as it commissioned paintings and altarpieces from him. Today, the town recognizes its favorite son and carries on the traditions of the Brotherhood with much the same pomp and circumstance.
Bosch: Genre Painter (04:44)
Bosch introduces a new theme into his paintings, and the moralizing of his age becomes more secular. "The Conjuror" contains a series of deceptions. In Bosch's world, fools are in charge, and the wise and good are actually the fools.
Bosch's "The Haywain" Triptych (02:13)
In "The Haywain" (c. 1485-90), the wagon of hay symbolizes man's greed for material wealth. Demons pull the wagon towards the right panel, which shows one of Bosch's earliest depictions of hell.
Transporting Art Between Museums (04:22)
Bosch's panels make their precarious way to Rotterdam where, on arrival, the paintings are meticulously examined. The large, highly fragile triptychs in the Prada cannot be transported so they are filmed for other destinations.
"Garden of Earthly Delights" (05:40)
This large triptych gives rise to a host of interpretations. Bosch paints carnal pleasures in a chaste manner, in keeping with the beliefs in his time. His theme is not original, but his depictions are not only original but revolutionary.
Bosch: Rotterdam Exhibition (03:23)
Crowds gather at the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen for the Bosch exhibition. The Queen of The Netherlands attends the grand opening. Everyone, it seems, likes Bosch, as if something in his works is familiar to modern-day viewers.
Death and Legacy of Bosch (02:19)
Prior to his death in 1516, Bosch influences painters of the next generation, as seen in "The Triumph of Death" by Peter Brueghel the Elder in 1562. Bosch's themes are "painted satire on the sins and ravings of man."
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